With the assassination attempt on the young Shah´s life, a dark veil was thrown over Iran´s democratic progress. The veil got even darker in the 1950s as the selected Prime Minister, Mohammad Mossadegh, refused to obey the constitution and step down. By refusing the order of the Shah which was in line with the duties of the Shah in accordance with the constitution, Mossadegh staged a Coup d’état, as his foreign minister Hossein Fatemi also demanded the end of the Monarchy and the establishment of a republic. The Shah left the country and only days later he was brought back after massive popular demonstrations in the streets of Iran. Some scholars deem that these massive demonstrations were organized by the CIA and the SIS. However, objectively analyzing the CIA documents released on the matter, one can clearly see that the demonstrations in support of the Shah was fully spontaneous.